published by Guy Page, Page Communications
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Leaders of Migrant Justice organization celebrate passage of the 2013 law allowing illegal immigrants to drive legally in Vermont. At right are Sen. Phil Baruth (partially obscured), the lead sponsor, and Gov. Peter Shumlin, who signed the bill into law. Photo credit Migrant Justice website. 

Vermont has issued drivers’ licenses to illegal immigrants since 2014

By Guy Page

June 21, 2019 - When Gov. Mario Cuomo of New York on June 17 signed legislation granting drivers’ licenses to illegal immigrants, some Vermonters wondered if Vermont would follow suit. In fact, illegal immigrants have been driving legally in Vermont since January 1, 2014.

Act 74, AKA the “Freedom of Movement” bill signed into law June 5, 2013, establishes that “a citizen of a foreign country unable to establish legal presence in the United States who furnishes reliable proof of Vermont residence and of name, date of birth, and place of birth, and who satisfies all other requirements of this chapter for obtaining a license or permit, shall be eligible to obtain an operator’s privilege card, a junior operator’s privilege card, or a learner’s privilege card.” The applicant must furnish “reliable proof of Vermont residence and of name, date of birth, place of birth and satisfies all other requirements for obtaining a license or permit.”

Act 74 was sponsored by Sen. Philip Baruth (D-Chittenden), and co-sponsored by Sens. Timothy Ashe, Claire Ayer, Ann Cummings, Sally Fox, Virginia Lyons, Richard McCormack, Anthony Pollina, Jeanette White, and David Zuckerman. It passed 105-39 in the House.

As the furor over the New York law shows, issuing drivers’ licenses to illegal immigrants is not without controversy. A similar law also passed in 2013 in “blue” state Oregon was repealed in 2014 by voter referendum. In 2015 the Vermont Human Rights Commission found that the Vermont Department of Motor Vehicles had reported some a Jordanian national as a suspected illegal immigrant to Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE).

According to the National Conference on State Legislators, “Proponents of extending driver’s licenses to immigrants argue that licensing undocumented residents will lead to fewer hit-and-runs, more trust between immigrants and police, and increased revenue for Departments of Motor Vehicles. Opponents of expanding driving privileges assert that granting licenses to undocumented residents reduces the incentive to follow immigration laws and would lead to increased voter fraud, ID fraud, and bank fraud.”

A 2016 Pew study reported that 5,000 illegal immigrants live in Vermont. It is not known how many have received driver’s licenses.

To read comments on this story or enter your own comment, go to Other recent stories posted on Vermont Watercooler include:

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