News & events updates from Wales Centre for Primary and Emergency (including Unscheduled) Care Research
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Edition #11 Winter 2019

Recent news of interest


Success at University of South Wales Impact Awards

Dr Carolyn Wallace (PRIME Centre Wales Lead for Social Care research theme) and Professor David Pontin of Centre for Research & Innovation in Care Sciences, University of South Wales and colleagues were prize winners at the University of South Wales Impact Awards 2018. The team were awarded the prizes for 'Best Overall Impact' and 'Best Societal Impact' for their impact on policy and practice.

The family resilience assessment instrument (FRAIT) has been incorporated into Welsh Government’s Healthy Child Wales Programme and is now used by health visitors across Wales.

Partners in this project include Cwm Taf University Health Board, Hywel Dda University Health Board and Abertawe Bro Morgannwg University Health Board. This award was sponsored by Tata Steel. Read more.

Watch a short video about the FRAIT model here:


Preparedness of primary dental care for the phase-down of dental amalgams

Dental amalgam has been the primary material for the restoration of cavities resulting from dental decay for well over a century.  The material is durable, safe, easy to use and has been the bedrock of tooth restorations in dental practice for many generations. 

However, increasing concerns over the effects of mercury on the environment, (mercury release from crematoria being a particular concern), has seen legislation being enacted by the European Union to phase out the use of dental amalgam.

The study reported in the British Dental Journal describes the state of preparedness of general dental practitioners in Wales in relation to these changes and their perception of the use of alternative plastic (white) filling materials.  The study was funded by PRIME’s predecessor body, the Wales School for Primary Care Research.

Lynch, C.D., Farnell J.J., Stanton, H., Chestnutt I.G., Brunton, P.A. and Wilson, N.H.F. (2018) No more amalgams: Use of amalgam and amalgam alternative materials in primary dental care. British Dental Journal, 225, 171-176. DOI: 10.1038/sj.bdj.2018.538

SUPER Group at PRIME Annual Meeting 2018

Public and patient members of the SUPER group supported the recent PRIME Annual Meeting held 26th November at University of South Wales Conference Centre. In a workshop called “Public and Patient Involvement: How can you improve your proposal and your research?” they explored why, who and how to involve patients and the public in developing research proposals.

Workshop delegates then applied the information by working on an example research proposal, which provided opportunity for discussion and sharing experience. Members also presented an elevator pitch  “SUPER research – Do you dare say no?”, challenging meeting attendees to consider whether public and patient involvement in research is a dangerous idea – do researchers dare not to use PPI to strengthen research quality or will they take the bigger risk by avoiding this resource which is open to all PRIME

SUPER (Service Users for Primary and Emergency care Research) invites researchers linked to PRIME to present their research at quarterly SUPER meetings for members’ feedback on scope, research methods and plans to involve public and patient members throughout the project. Future meetings are in March, June and September 2019.


SAPC 2019 call for abstracts is open - deadline 17th February

Against a background of controversy about the value of aspirin as a preventive in healthy subjects, a rather different use of the drug has recently been highlighted.

Fifty years ago evidence suggestive of benefit from aspirin beyond the reduction of pain and fever, was reported. In two remarkable papers published in 1968 and 1973 Gabriel Gasic and colleagues described the role of platelets in the metastatic spread of cancer.

They showed that a deficiency of platelets is associated with a reduction in the risk of cancer, and that experimentally-induced metastasis are reduced by aspirin.  They concluded that these findings ‘strongly support the role of platelet aggregation and the platelet release reaction in metastasis’. Read more.

PRIME research in @ResearchWales magazine

The fifth issue of the @ResearchWales magazine features the latest health and social care research news from across Wales including PRIME Centre Wales' focused news stories:

  • 'The Welsh ‘code-breaker’ making our visits to the GP safer' - looking at how analysis of patient safety incident records is being used to improve patient safety in primary care in Wales and beyond, led by Andrew Carson-Stevens is (pages 16-17).
  • 'PRIME & Swansea Centre for Health Economics helping to improve community care services' - looking at the evaluation of the community based pathfinder service for treating Wet Age Related Macular Degeneration (Wet AMD) in the community, led by Rachel North (page 5). 

Read the magazine here.


Launch of All Wales Social Prescribing Research Network (WSPRN) web page

The All Wales Social Prescribing Research Network (WSPRN) have launched a new web page hosted by the Wales Council for Voluntary Action. 

The aim of the network is to build the critical evidence for social prescribing in Wales. It is a research platform to support the three communities of practice in North, West and East Wales. It is primarily a virtual network with face-to-face events across Wales.

PRIME Centre Wales is proud to support WSPRN - Dr Carolyn Wallace, PRIME lead for Social Care collaboration and Reader in Integrated Care at the University of South Wales co-chairs the WSPRN Steering Group, with Judith Stone and Dr Sally Rees.

Keep up with the latest developments and get involved - visit the web page at:


Making decisions about research for others - how can we support families? 

Following on from the DECISION Study, a decision support intervention is being developed to help family members make a decision about research participation on behalf of someone who lacks capacity to consent. We are holding an event to discuss the prototype tool and gather feedback in order to further refine it. It is a half day event on the morning of Monday 25th March in Cardiff, and we are inviting those with experience as researchers in this area, and those with lived expertise as families of someone living with dementia, to join us.
If you have been involved in research with adults who lack capacity to consent, or are a family member of someone living with dementia, please contact Vicky Shepherd ( ) for more details or to register an interest in joining the event.

Forthcoming events of interest


Parliament for Researchers

Date: 15 February 2019
Venue: Cardiff University (other dates/locations available)

Parliament for researchers training events explore how to use research to engage with Parliament and take place monthly across the UK. They are open to any researcher at any stages of their career, as well as those working policy brokerage and research impact roles. £40 attendance fee.

Further information:


South West SAPC 2019

Date: 13-14 March 2019
Venue: Southampton

We are looking forward to welcoming you all in Southampton for the South West SAPC 2019 conference. The registration and abstract submission links are now open. 

The South West Regional Meeting of the Society for Academic Primary Care will take place at the Grand Harbour Hotel, Southampton. The conference will open at 12.00 noon on Wednesday 13 March 2019 and will close at 13.00pm on Thursday 14 March 2019.

Please can you disseminate to your colleagues and remind them to visit our website. 

Registration is now open, closing date 25 February 2019.

Please book on our website

Bringing Together Health and Social Care: A Revolution in Transformation

Date: 13 March 2019
Time: 09:30 - 16:00
Venue: Hadyn Ellis Building, Cardiff University

Public Health Wales' Policy, Research and International Development Directorate are hosting an event that will bring together health and social care research from across Public Health Wales, academic sectors and other organisations.

Read more and register.

BJGP Research Conference

Date: 29 March 2019 
Venue: RCGP, London 

Following the success of their inaugural conference, the BJGP Research Conference returns for a second year. It’s an exceptional opportunity for researchers at all stages of their careers to acquire new research skills and present their work in a constructive, peer-reviewed environment.  

  • A unique opportunity to acquire new research skills  
  • Receive constructive feedback on research presentations  
  • Hear from leading figures in primary care research
  • Learn new skills in writing, critical appraisal, peer review and presentation
  • Workshops on many aspects of writing and publishing research
  • Poster presentations
  • Meet the editors and staff of the BJGP and BJGP Open.

Who should attend?

  • GP trainees and newly qualified GPs
  • Practising GPs with an interest in developing research skills
  • Early-stage clinical and non-clinical academics in primary care
  • More senior researchers wishing to hone or develop their presentation, writing and critical appraisal skills.

Further information and registration



Health Economics for Public Health Practice & Research

Date: 8-10 April 2019
Time: 09:00 - 17:00
Venue: The Management Centre, Bangor

At the end of this short course delegates will have gained an appreciation of the concepts, methods and application of health economics to public health, be able to critically appraise a published economic evaluation of a public health intervention and feel confident in speaking about potential return on investment from public health programmes in the NHS and other settings. Read more and register.


999EMS Research Forum - Advancing Patient Care: Taking Research to the Front Line

Date: 1-2 April 2019
Venue: Hilton Birmingham Metropole 

This year our conference theme is 'Advancing Patient Care: Taking Research to the Front Line' and will be hosted by West Midlands Ambulance Service NHS Foundation Trust in association with the National Ambulance Research Steering Group (NARSG). 

Day one – 1 April 2019. We are delighted to be running pre-conference workshop sessions aimed at paramedics and researchers. In the evening, there will be a free drinks reception followed by a paid dinner, which will provide a great opportunity for delegates to relax and network with others who have an interest in pre-hospital and emergency care research. 

Day two – 2 April 2019. The main conference will include five exciting keynote presentations plus four peer reviewed oral presentations and a moderated poster session with a prize awards to conclude the conference. 

Click here to register and take advantage of excellent package offers and early-bird discounts. 

Contact details: 01792 602003  /

HealTAC 2019 – save the date!

Date: 24 -25 April 2019
Venue: Cardiff

Following the exciting HealTAC 2018, the UK healthcare text analytics network (Healtex) is organising the second conference in the series next April in Cardiff, Wales.

Healthcare narratives recorded in documents such as encounter notes, discharge letters, nurse handover notes, imaging/pathology reports, patient-generated data posts in surveys and social media, etc. represent a key communication stream that contains the majority of actionable and contextualised information. Despite them being increasingly available in a digital form, they are yet to be routinely analysed on a large scale. The conference aims to bring the academic, healthcare, industrial and patient communities together to explore the current state of the art and share best practice, key results and common challenges.

The first (formal) call for contributions will follow shortly, inviting full and short papers, posters, demos and special sessions. The event will also provide a forum for PhD students and industrial partners to present their work.

The conference will be subsidised by Healtex – so please start preparing you contributions!

Here are the key dates:

– Call for contributions: November 2nd, 2018
– Deadline for papers, posters, demos, special sessions: January 21th, 2019
– Notification of acceptance: February 18th, 2019
– Conference: April 24th and 25th, 2019

Further information:


Funding opportunities

Welsh Crucible - 2019 call for applications now open

Welsh Crucible brings together thirty researchers each year in order to explore how they can work together to tackle the current research challenges facing Wales.

Deadline for application: 15 February 2019

Read more and apply.


RCBC Wales - First into Research Fellowship

Applicants must be a registered health professionals (nurse, midwife, allied health professional or pharmacist) and reside in Wales for the duration of the fellowship.

Studies will be undertaken through the nursing and allied health departments/schools of our six partner institutions: Bangor, Cardiff, Cardiff Metropolitan, Glyndwr, Swansea & South Wales Universities.

Deadline for applications: 15th February (eligibility form); 15th March for full application

Further information, an eligibility check form and an application form are available at



Health Technology Assessment Programme

Health Services and Delivery Research Programme


Tenovus Cancer Care KESS 2 partnership opportunity

Tenovus Cancer Care have launched their next Knowledge Economy Skills Scholarship (KESS) 2 call, and are inviting expressions of interest from academic partners across Wales only. 

Deadline: 25 February 2019 

Read more and apply.


WONCA Europe Scholarship 

The WONCA Europe Scholarship Committee announces a call for the candidates for the WONCA Europe Scholarship. The period of the scholarship is maximum 4 years and each year a sum of € 2000 is available per scholar. 

Requirements for the candidates:

  • speaks and reads English (CEFR, C1 level in writing, reading and speaking, no certificate is necessary);
  • in the last year of family medicine specialty training OR a maximum of 15 years after finished family medicine specialty training OR at least 3 years and a maximum of 15 years of working in family medicine/general practice settings (for countries with no specialty or equivalent vocational training as specified in Article 41 of Council Directive 93/16/EEC and the Directive 2005/36/EC);
  • member of a national member organisation of WONCA Europe.

Deadline for applications: 28 February 2019

Further information:


PRIME Centre Wales website features listings of regularly updated funding opportunities of interest:

Collaboration enquiries are welcomed at:

Job/Studentship opportunities


PhD - Antimicrobial stewardship for asthma exacerbation

Fully funded PhD studentship open to applications

Division of Population Medicine, Cardiff University
Supervisors: Dr Nick Francis, Prof Shantini Paranjothy

This project addresses the priority area antimicrobial resistance (AMR), which is a key public health threat. Use of antibiotics drives AMR and most antibiotics are prescribed in primary care. Previous research and antimicrobial stewardship activities have addressed overuse of antibiotics for many conditions, but antibiotic use of asthma exacerbations is under-researched. More than one in ten people have a diagnosis of asthma at some point.

Most asthma exacerbations are not caused by bacterial infections, systematic reviews of poor quality studies have not found convincing evidence of benefit from antibiotic treatment, and guidelines recommend against antibiotic treatment, but around half of GP consultations for asthma exacerbations are treated with antibiotics.

This project aims to better describe the use of antibiotics for asthma exacerbations (including children who are prescribed asthma medications but do not have a diagnosis of asthma), determine the effect of antibiotics on reducing serious outcomes such as pneumonia and hospital admissions in people with asthma exacerbations, and understand the factors leading to antibiotic prescribing for asthma exacerbations in primary care. 

Deadline for applications: 27 February 2019

Further information:


PhD - Adverse childhood experiences and their association with child health and development in low and middle income countries

Fully funded PhD studentship open to applications
Supervisors: Lisa Hurt, Victor Adekanmbi

Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are potentially traumatic events that may have lasting effects on health and wellbeing. Exposure to ACEs has been shown to be associated with poor child and adult outcomes in high income countries, but very little is known about their burden or effects in low and middle income countries (LMICs) and whether they are important predictors of child outcomes once socio-economic status has been accounted for. 

This PhD project will: 

  1. Examine the burden of ACEs in LMICs; 
  2. Examine whether there is an association between ACEs and child health and development outcomes in LMICs; and 
  3. Examine how ACEs might be understood and used in preventative public health programmes in LMICs. 

Deadline for applications: 27 February 2019

Further information:



KESS2 PhD - Understanding the relationship between HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis, sexually transmitted infections, and antimicrobial resistance in Wales (UNREST)

Fully funded PhD KESS2 studentship open to applications

Working in partnership with Cardiff University, Public Health Wales, and Terrence Higgins Trust Cymru; this mixed methods KESS2 East PhD studentship will aim to understand the relationship between PrEP, STIs, and antimicrobial resistance in Wales.

The PhD will involve: i.) Literature reviewing and critical appraisal of current evidence; ii.) Epidemiological research methods using routinely collected data; iii.) Qualitative interviews with individuals accessing PrEP through sexual health clinics; iv.) Causal modelling methods.

The student will join a research team that crosses the disciplines of public health, statistics, sociology, and systematic reviews. Research students are all members of Cardiff University’s Graduate College, which exists to foster an intellectually stimulating environment where students are encouraged to share and develop research interests with peers from other Schools and to feel part of a wider cross-disciplinary research community.

The student will also spend time at the partnership organisations gaining considerable experience of HIV and sexual health from both public health policy and advocacy perspectives.

Application dedaline: 15 April 2019

Further information:,-sexually-transmitted-infections,-and-antimicrobial-resistance-in-wales-unrest



Welsh Government & Health and Care Research Wales

PhD social care student­ship award 

The Wales School for Social Care Research (WSSCR) is offering PhD Studentship Awards for social care research. The Wales School for Social Care Research is funded by Welsh Government to build strength in excellent social care research with real-world application and positive impact on the well-being of people in Wales. The School is a part of the wider Health and Care Research Wales infrastructure, with the School Hub in the College of Human and Health Sciences at Swansea University and staff located at Bangor University and Cardiff University.

Closing date: 11 February 2019

Recent publications

Wallace C, Dale F, Jones G, O'Kane J, Thomas M, Wilson L, Pontin D. Developing the health visitor concept of family resilience in Wales using Group Concept Mapping. Rural Remote Health. 2018 Nov;18(4):4604. doi: 10.22605/RRH4604. Epub 2018 Nov 16.


Shepherd V, Hood K, Sheehan M, Griffith R, Jordan A, Wood F (2018) Ethical understandings of proxy decision making for research involving adults lacking capacity: A systematic review (framework synthesis) of empirical research, AJOB Empirical Bioethics, DOI: 10.1080/23294515.2018.1513097

Gal M, Gobat N, Francis NA, Hood K, Butler CC, Bielicki J, Fraaij PL, Sharland M, Jarvis J, van Rossum AMC, Heikkinen T, Martinon-Torres F, Herberg J, Watkins A, Webb SAR, Moore R, Sukumar P, Nichol A. Priority Needs for Conducting Pandemic-Relevant Clinical Research With Children in Europe: A Consensus Study With Pediatric Clinician-Researchers. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2018 Sep 25. doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000002204. PMID:30256315

Lifford KJ, Edwards A, Burton M, Harder H, Armitage F, Morgan JL, Caldon L, Balachandran K, Ring A, Collins K, Reed M, Wyld L, Brain K. Efficient development and usability testing of decision support interventions for older women with breast cancer. Patient Prefer Adherence. 2019 Jan 14;13:131-143. doi: 10.2147/PPA.S178347. eCollection 2019.

Results of focus groups with paramedics which demonstrate that paramedics are willing and able to administer Fascia Iliaca Compartment Block (FICB) to patients with suspected hip fracture before ambulance transport to hospital. FICB is a local anaesthetic injected directly into the hip. The RAPID feasibility study explored whether paramedics can administer this in place of normal care, often morphine which can have side effects for patients. Feasibility study findings will inform further research.

Evans BA, Brown A, Bulger J, Fegan G, Ford S, Guy K, Jones S, Keen L, Khanom A, Longo M, Palllister I, Rees N, Seagrove AC, Russell IT, Watkins A, Snooks H. 74 Paramedics’ experiences of administering fascia iliaca compartment block to patients with suspected hip fracture. BMJ Open 2018;8:doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-EMS.74

Williams H, Donaldson SL, Noble S, Hibbert P, Watson R, Kenkre J, Edwards A, Carson-Stevens A. Quality improvement priorities for safer out-of-hours palliative care: Lessons from a mixed-methods analysis of a national incident-reporting database. Palliat Med. 2018 Dec 12:269216318817692. doi: 10.1177/0269216318817692.

Lynch CD, Farnell JJ, Stanton H, Chestnutt IG, Brunton PA, Wilson NHF. (2018) No more amalgams: Use of amalgam and amalgam alternative materials in primary dental care. British Dental Journal, 225, 171-176. DOI: 10.1038/sj.bdj.2018.538

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PRIME Centre Wales

Cardiff University School of Medicine
Cardiff, Wales CF14 4YS

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PRIME Centre Wales · Cardiff University School of Medicine · Institute of Primary Care and Public Health · Cardiff, Wales CF14 4YS · United Kingdom

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