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December 2020 Edition of the Official Newsletter of the
School of Agricultural and Natural Sciences
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Congratulations to our SANS winter graduates!  
Click HERE for SANS graduates listed in the commencement program.
Enjoy a few photos below courtesy of the Office of Public Relations!
Top row, from left:  D'nasia Jones and Imani Payne, both B.S., Human Ecology
Bottom row, from left:  Tylijah Cephas and Jean-Pierre Badjo, both  B.S., General Agriculture
Paul Sarbanes, former U.S. senator, native of the Eastern Shore and friend of UMES, dies at age 87
Click image above for WMDT TV 47's news video on the life and legacy of U.S. Sen. Paul S. Sarbanes
UMES researcher receives national award for transfer of new technology to reduce ammonia emissions

 A University of Maryland Eastern Shore researcher and his colleagues at laboratories along the East Coast and as far away as Spain were lauded by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural Research Service for their work aimed at controlling ammonia emissions in poultry houses.

Many areas in the country produce more manure nutrients than available cropland can assimilate. The removal and recovery of ammonia, therefore, is a desirable feature for new treatment technology for livestock effluents (liquid wastes that pour into natural bodies of water and subsequently the air). The nutrients instead could be exported off the farm, which could solve the problems of nitrogen surpluses in concentrated livestock production, serve as a substitute for commercial fertilizers and create new businesses.

Dr. Fawzy Hashem, an associate professor in the Department of Agriculture, Food and Resource Sciences, was among the team members who received the agency’s Southeast Federal Laboratory Consortium National Award for Excellence in Technology Transfer.  The award recognizes scientists who have accomplished outstanding work in the process of transferring federally developed technology.  According to the agency, the shared technology can have profound impact on the nation’s economy and everyday life.

Photos above show the recovery of gaseous ammonia from the air in poultry houses using gas-permeable membrane technology at the University of Maryland Eastern Shore. Above left: UMES and USDA-ARS staff calibrate the ammonia recovery module. Above right: Membrane manifolds placed close to the litter surface inside chicken barns are shown.
 December graduate's research explores the effects of PCBs on human development

Polychlorinated biphenyls, better known as PCBs, are man-made industrial chemicals produced for over five decades in the U.S. and used in insulating fluids in transformers and electrical equipment along with plasticizers in paint and construction materials. Despite the worldwide ban on the production of PCBs in 1979, they remain an environmental problem because of their high persistence and leakage from existing applications and improper disposal. In the environment, researchers believe that they induce toxicity by disrupting the hormonal balance in humans and animals.

Chinedu Ahuchaogu, a December graduate with a master’s degree in toxicology, presented his thesis, “Cytotoxicity of Polychlorinated Biphenyl Congeners in Human Placental Trophoblast Cells,” early last month. 
“Due to their persistent nature,” Ahuchaogu said, “PCBs are transferred from mothers to the fetus across the placenta, or to nursing infants and babies via breast milk, which may lead to developmental and neurological problems from repeated exposure to low levels of PCBs.”
Farmers can still take advantage of new UMES Extension free farm risk management classes through the spring

Local farmers can still take advantage of University of Maryland Eastern Shore Extension’s MyFaRM initiative, a free program consisting of a series of classes covering the aspects of farm risk management. 

The first series focusing on financial risk included in-person socially distanced classes December 8 and 15 on the main campus.  It continues on December 22, from 3-6 p.m. in the Richard A. Henson Center.  Financial risk is followed by legal risk classes on January 7 and 21 and a human risk class on February 9, all are from 3-6 p.m. in the Henson Center.

The spring line-up starts on March 8 at the Henson Center with the first of two production risk classes and continues on April 7 on the UMES Education and Demonstration Farm, both are from 9 a.m. to noon.  Marketing risk is the final series meeting on May 11 from 3-6 in the Henson Center and in June on a date to be determined to coincide with UMES Extension's Small Farm Marketing Bus Tour.

Dear SANS Stakeholders,


2020 has been a year like no other with the pandemic dictating how we managed almost all aspects of what we do. While the challenges have been tremendous, the majority of us have continued to find a way forward. For others, the financial and medical obstacles and personal loss have been devastating. Our thoughts and prayers go out to those who have been adversely affected. The commencement of vaccinations against COVID-19 this week means that we can now dare to hope and look to the future with a stronger measure of optimism. Indeed, we truly hope that 2021 will be different and that we can finally start getting back to some level of normalcy.
Over the past month, we have been excited to welcome three new members to our UMES Extension team: Dr. Lila Karki, assistant professor and planning and evaluation specialist; Ms. Diamond Nwaeze, 4-H STEM agent associate; and Dr. Luis Moisés Peña-Lévano, assistant professor and agribusiness/resource economist. We have also been delighted to welcome Mr. John Ellis to our accounting team and Mr. Clay Howard to our Agriculture Experiment Station team. I have no doubt in my mind that new team members will make a tremendous difference to our community. This month, I will also bid farewell to my assistant, Ms. Alverta Polk, who has served SANS with distinction for many years. Please join me in extending very warm congratulations to her on her retirement. I have valued her support immensely since I joined as dean and will miss her.
While 2020 has had its challenges, I would like to extend my sincerest gratitude to all our internal and external stakeholders. You have remained resolute, rising to meet whatever challenges have come your way. To you, I extend my warmest holiday greetings and very best wishes for a new year that will bring a strong measure of normalcy and prosperity.

Moses T. Kairo
SANS Professor and Dean

The health and well-being of our campus and the community is our highest priority. The University's Task Force is working diligently to stay informed of changing dynamics in the coronavirus outbreak. 
UMES Updates
CDC Guidelines
Karki brings 30 years of experience in agriculture to UMES Extension
A native of Kathmandu, Nepal, nested high in the Himalayas at the foot of Mount Everest’s soaring 29,029-foot summit, Dr. Lila B. Karki has come to Princess Anne’s University of Maryland Eastern Shore, just 16.4 feet above sea level. His over 30-year career in agriculture has taken him from Nepal to India, the United Kingdom, Thailand, Australia, the Philippines, Germany and finally to the Southeast United States.
Karki joins UMES in a dual role.  He will lend his expertise to both UMES Extension and to the Department of Agriculture, Food, and Resource Sciences.  As a program evaluations specialist for UMES Extension, he will provide leadership and support for extension program planning, evaluation and reporting.  His mission in this post is to support, strengthen and participate in county-based extension programs and to develop an extramurally funded extension and applied research program.
Next issue: 

Read about newly-minted Dr. Petrina McKenzie-Reynolds' research results from a three-year study on soil health and food safety in organic specialty crop systems at UMES.  The results will add to the much-needed scientific data to help educate Delmarva growers, among others, on the best management practices of organic crop production. 

UMES alum joins 4-H STEM team
Diamond Nwaeze has joined the UMES Extension team as a 4-H STEM educator for the lower Eastern Shore.  A native of Silver Spring, Maryland, she is no stranger to the university. 

Nwaeze is a UMES alum graduating in 2017 with a bachelor’s in biology.  During her undergraduate experience, she worked as a general research assistant in Dr. Victoria Volkis’ lab studying various applications and the phytochemical content of Aronia melanocarpa.

Agricultural and Environmental Law Conference moved to virtual format for 2020
The annual Agricultural and Environmental Law Conference moved its 2020 edition to a free series of online webinars held on three consecutive Mondays last month due to the pandemic.  Nearly 300 people registered for the virtual event, including university faculty and staff, agricultural service providers, representatives from environmental organizations, state officials, attorneys and farmers.
“We were glad that we were still able to provide an engaging and informative conference again this year in spite of several hurdles,” said Nicole Cook, environmental and agricultural faculty legal specialist with UMES Extension.  “The unwelcomed shift to having an entirely virtual conference actually has made us rethink how we might offer the conference in the future to make it accessible to more people and to provide increased opportunities for having a broader range of presenters.”
Coops to Co-ops is closed for the season! 
Please look for re-opening information in the spring!

Ingenuity, Spring 2020

The official research magazine of the University of Maryland Eastern Shore School of Agricultural and Natural Sciences.

In this edition of Ingenuity, you will find stories about  research and key linkages we hold with our community.  It means we care about what's important to you.  From one story, you will learn how UMES is paving the way to a newly legalized hemp industry. And as usual, we like to tell you about outcomes concerning some of the activities of our students, faculty, alumni and Extension agents over the last year.

Read all about it ►

UMES Extension launched its e-newsletter Connections in November last year! 

Subscribers will be privy to opportunities available to the public as well as those only available to our subscribers.

To get your copy, subscribe today!
The NOAA Living Marine Resources Cooperative Science Center (LMRCSC) trains and graduates students from underrepresented communities in marine science for careers in research, management, and public policy that support the sustainable harvest and conservation of our nation's living marine resources. With its partner institutions, the LMRCSC conducts research on marine and estuarine systems congruent with the interests of NOAA Fisheries. The Center is supported by the NOAA Education Partnership Program with Minority-Serving Institutions (EPP/MSI). Click on the image to read its latest newsletter.
Upcoming Events
UMES Extension MyFaRM  (Mastering Farm Risk Management) Classes

Financial Risk Series
December 22, 2020, 3-6 p.m., Richard A. Henson Center

Legal Risk Series
January 7 and 21, 2021, 3-6 p.m., Richard A. Henson Center

Human Risk Class
February 9, 2021, 3-6 p.m., Richard A. Henson Center

Production Risk Series
March 8, 2021, 9-noon, Richard A. Henson Center
April 7, 2021, 9-noon, UMES Education and Demonstration Farm

Marketing Risk Series
May 11, 2021, 3-6 p.m., Richard A. Henson Center
June 2021, TBD, UMES Small Farm Marketing Bus Tour

Creative Science by UMES Extension 4-H STEM and InTheArtRoom

January, 13 and 27, 6-8 p.m., virtual
February 10 and 24, 6-8 p.m., virtual
March 10, 6-8 p.m., virtual

SANS in the News

UMES professor part of COVID vaccine study
County Times, Dec. 11, 2020

Paul Sarbanes, longtime US senator from Maryland, dies at age 87 
WMDT TV 47, December 7, 2020 with video

Friends, colleagues remember Sen. Sarbanes
Salisbury Independent, December 7, 2020

Tributes Pouring in for Former U.S. Sen. Paul Sarbanes of Maryland
WBOC TV 16, December 7, 2020

Maryland Farmers Still Learning About Hemp Production
Lancaster Farming, Noveber 27, 2020

New Research Publications

Barnes, B., Elkholy, I., Bane, N., Derickson, J., Das, K.S., 2020. Laser scribed graphene/polymer composites:  A possible verification of carbon, nano-coil inductors.  Current Applied Physics.  DOI:10.1016/j.cap.2020.06.008.

Parveen, S., Jacobs, J., Ozbay, G., Chintapenta, K., Almuhaideb, E., Meredith, J., Ossai, S., Abbott, A., Grant, A., Brohawn, K., Chigbu, P., Richards, G. 2020. Seasonal and geographical differences in total and pathogenic Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio vulnificus levels in seawater and oysters from the Delaware and Chesapeake Bays using several methods. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. DOI: 10.1128/AEM.01581.

Jung, Y., Porto-Fett, A.C.S., Parveen, S., Meredith, J., Shoyer, B.A., Henry, E., Trauger, Z., Shane, L.E., Osoria, M., Schwarz, J., Rupert, C., Chapman, B.J., Moxley, R.A., Luchansky, J.B. 2020. Recovery rate of cells of the seven regulated serogroups of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli from raw veal cutlets, ground veal, and ground beef from retail stores in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States. Journal of Food Protection. DOI: 10.4315/JFP-20-290.

Sharma, M., Handy,  E.T., East, C.L., Kim, S., Jiang, C., Callahan, M.T., Allard, S.M., Micallef, S., Craighead, S., Anderson-Coughlin, B., Gartley, S., Vanore, A., Kniel, K.E., Haymaker, J., Duncan, R., Foust, D., White, C., Taabodi, M., Hashem, F., Parveen, S., May, E., Bui, A., Craddock, H., Kulkarni, P., Murray, R.T., and Sapkota, A.R. 2020. Prevalence of Salmonella and Listeria monocytogenes in non-traditional irrigation waters in the Mid-Atlantic United States is affected by water type, season, and recovery method. PLOS ONE. 15:e0229365.

Solaiman, S., Allard, S.M., Callahan, M.T., Jiang, C., Handy, E., East, C., Haymaker, J., Bui, A., Craddock, H., Murray, R., Kulkarni, P., Anderson-Coughlin, B., Craighead, S., Gartley, S., Vanore, A., Duncan, R., Foust, D., Taabodi, M., Sapkota, A., May, E., Hashem, F., Parveen, S., Kniel, K., Sharma, M., Sapkota, A.R.,  Micallef, S.A. 2020.Logitudinal assessment of the dynamics of Escherichia coli, total coliforms, Enterococcus spp., and Aeromonas spp. in alternative irrigation water sources: a COApplied and Environmental Microbiology. 86(20):e00342-20. DOI: 10.1128/AEM.00342-20.

Klick, S.A., Pitula, J. S., Bryant, R. B., Collick, A. S., Hashem, F. M., Allen, A. L., & May, E. B. (in press). Seasonal and Temporal Factors Leading to Urea-N Accumulation in Surface Waters of Agricultural Drainage Ditches. Journal of Environmental Quality.

Previous Editions . . .

The SANS Monthly Digest-November 2020
The SANS Monthly Digest-October 2020
The SANS Monthly Digest-September 2020
The SANS Monthly Digest- August 2020
The SANS Monthly Digest - June 2020
The SANS Monthly Digest- May 2020
The SANS Monthly Digest - April 2020
The SANS Monthly Digest- March 2020
The SANS Monthly Digest - February 2020
The SANS Monthly Digest - January 2020

The SANS Monthly Digest - December 2019
The SANS Monthly Digest - November 2019
The SANS Monthly Digest - October 2019
The SANS Monthly Digest - September 2019
The SANS Monthly Digest - August 2019
The SANS Monthly Digest - July 2019
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