Journal Articles, Reports and Fact Sheets ************************************** 18 October 2016
Opiniones, percepciones y prácticas de médicos gineco-obstetras respecto a informar de las pacientes con aborto inducido a la policía: Lima, Perú, 2014 (Opinions, perceptions and practices of obstetrician-gynaecologists with respect to informing the police about patients who have had induced abortions: Lima, Peru, 2014)
by Sixto Sánchez Calderon, Juan Mere del Castillo, Percy Pacora Portella, Susana Chávez Alvarado, Rossina Guerrero Vásquez, Mónica Barrientos Pacherre, María Jiménez Sánchez.
Abstract Problem: Under Article 30 of the Peruvian General Health Law, it is a relatively common practice to report cases of women with induced abortion who come to the emergency services for treatment of complications to the police. However, doing so jeopardises medical secrecy and the patient’s rights to privacy and confidentiality. Objective: To know the perceptions, opinions, knowledge, attitudes and practices of obstetrician-gynaecologists regarding giving information to the police about patients with induced abortion. Results: 78.3% of participants knew that the law required them to report cases of induced abortion to the police; 43.5% disagreed with this requirement. 58.0% of participants agreed with the right of professional confidentiality. However, 43.5% of participants reported the most recent induced abortion they had attended to the police in the previous five years. The main reason was to comply with the law and fear of being identified as an accomplice in these cases and the criminal consequences that might result.
In Haiti, one woman in seven has an abortion in the course of her lifetime. Yet abortion remains illegal in this country, where access to contraception is also very limited. To put an end to an unwanted pregnancy, clandestine abortion is the only remedy. A dangerous practice, the third largest cause of mortality among Haitian women, against which Médecins du Monde is fighting as an activist, alongside civil society organisations, for respect of sexual and reproductive rights.
Taking unknown tablets without a medical prescription, using traditional remedies or worse, or inserting into the uterus something as damaging a coat hanger, abortion is often practised in disastrous conditions. The complications for women are numerous. They range from haemorrhage to infections and infertility. For Dr Joseph Alexis Villaime, head of Gynaecology at the Hospital OFATMA in Port-au-Prince, these complications could very easily be avoided. "It takes only that we should stop being hypocritical today. Between official speeches that condemn what should be a medical service and informal practices, every day I see the women who suffer from complications following unsafe abortions. The vast majority of my patients have had no other choice. However, for me, as doctor, it is essential today to support each woman in her decision whether to have a child or not"...
Experiences and characteristics of women seeking and completing at-home medical termination of pregnancy through online telemedicine in Ireland and Northern Ireland: a population-based analysis
by Abigail RA Aiken, Rebecca Gomperts, James Trussell
BJOG 2016; published online 17 October 2016. DOI: 10.1111/1471-0528.14401
To examine the characteristics and experiences of women in Ireland and Northern Ireland seeking at-home medical termination of pregnancy (TOP) using online telemedicine. This was a population-based study in Ireland and Northern Ireland between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2015. A total of 5,650 women requested at-home medical abortion through the online telemedicine initiative Women on Web. Results
Women requesting TOP were diverse with respect to age, pregnancy circumstances and reasons for seeking TOP. Among those completing TOP, 97% felt they made the right choice and 98% would recommend it to others in a similar situation. Women commonly reported serious mental stress caused by their pregnancies and their inability to afford travel abroad to access TOP. The feelings women most commonly reported after completing TOP were ‘relieved’ (70%) and ‘satisfied’ (36%). Women with financial hardship had twice the risk of lacking emotional support (odds ratio = 2.0, p< 0.001)...
This is the inaugural report of the UN Secretary General’s Independent Accountability Panel (IAP), which tracks accountability for the Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescents’ Health 2016–2030.
The Global Strategy was launched in September 2015 by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon, to help further the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals Agenda, which he appointed an Independent Accountability Panel to track. The strategy is a roadmap for ending all preventable deaths in women, children and adolescents within a generation and ensuring their well-being.
This one-year-on report calls for stronger UN leadership and more robust national institutions, including legal mechanisms and citizen participation, to ensure effective implementation of the Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescents’ Health and the realisation of women’s human and reproductive rights.
Nurse training in Russia Обязательные периоды ожидания и предвзятое консультирование в странах Восточной и Центральной Европы: Oграничение доступа к аборту, нарушение прав человека и закрепление пагубных гендерных стереотипов
This Fact Sheetin Russian (originally published in English in 2015) presents an overview of regressive legal and policy measures that impose mandatory waiting periods and biased counselling and information requirements prior to abortion. It examines how and why these regulations contravene international human rights standards and the World Health Organization’s guidelines on safe abortion. It draws on the jurisprudence and recommendations of international human rights mechanisms, which have recognised that they undermine women’s human rights.
Кому предоставлено право на жизнь?: Права женщин и пренатальные гарантии в свете прав человека и сравнительного правоведения
(Whose Right to Life? Women's Rights and Pre-natal Protections under Human Rights and Comparative Law)
This Toolkit (originally published in English in 2014) sets forth international and comparative legal standards for interpreting right to life protections. An emerging trend to extend a right to life before birth, and in particular from conception, poses a significant threat to women’s human rights, in theory and in practice. These efforts, often rooted in ideological and religious motivations, are part of a deliberate attempt to deny women the full range of reproductive health services that are essential to safeguarding women’s fundamental rights to life, health, dignity, equality, and autonomy, among others. The Toolkit identifies how relevant human rights, public health, and scientific evidence supports legal protections to guarantee women’s rights as a crucial step in protecting the right to life and ensuring the health and well-being of women and their children.