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Journal Articles and Other Publications and Resources
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10 August 2016
UGANDA

Facing Uganda's Law on Abortion

by Center for Health Human Rights and Development (CEHURD), Uganda, and Center for Reproductive Rights

In 2015, the police recorded 1,800 cases to do with abortion, and in 2014, 1,600 cases. These statistics were revealed by Police Spokesperson Fred Enanga during the launch of this report in Kampala on 28 July 2016. The report is a compilation of experiences of women and health service providers in regard to abortion. "Most reports to the police arise from a death or major injury," Enanga said, "but after investigation, only a few cases proceed to court."

Most abortions in Uganda are carried out outside the limited terms of the law. The consequence is that 26% of maternal deaths in Uganda are due to unsafe abortion, according to Ministry of Health statistics. The authors' hope is "that these voices have the power to create space for the rights holders and duty bearers to speak out on these key issues and bring about change. We believe that sharing these stories will strengthen the case for legislative reform and lead to a decrease in the high rates of maternal mortality and morbidity in the country as well as realization of the rights of women."...
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INTERNATIONAL



Public funding for abortion services in 80 countries where abortion is broadly legal
 
by Daniel Grossman, Kate Grindlay, Bridgit Burns

This research, conducted between mid-2011 and late 2014, found that the vast majority of countries with liberal or liberally interpreted abortion laws provide public funding for abortion services. The researchers, from Advancing New Standards in Reproductive Health (ANSIRH) at the University of California in San Francisco and Ibis Reproductive Health in the USA, surveyed reproductive health experts from each of the countries and searched for published data on their countries' policies. The findings reported were generally true of national policies as of 2013-2014, except for two countries with older data.

Nearly half of the 80 countries with liberal/liberally interpreted abortion laws had public funding for abortion, including most countries that liberalised their abortion laws in the past 20 years. Outliers remain, however, including among developed countries where access to abortion may be limited due to lack of affordability...
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ARGENTINA



Ten reasons to legalise early abortion and an evaluation of public policy capacity

La Campaña Nacional por el Derecho al Aborto Legal, Seguro y Gratuito , a national network of organisations that has spearheaded the struggle to legalise abortion in Argentina, presented a bill for voluntary termination of pregnancy to the Argentinian Congress for the first time in 2007. On 30 June 2016, the Campaign presented the bill to legislators for the sixth time. The group published a new website called “10 reasons to legalize early abortions” in English and Español that promotes the decriminalization of abortion. A recent study was also published with the support of the IPPF Western Hemisphere Region that evaluated public policy capacity to ensure access to sexual and reproductive rights in Argentina.

The hashtag #abortolegal (#legalabortion) was trending on Twitter in Argentina the day the bill was presented with the support of 38 legislators from across the political spectrum. It will be sent for consideration to the Health Commission of the lower house of Congress in September 2016...
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UK



The Moral Case for Abortion

 
by Ann Furedi, Palgrave Macmillan, August 2016, ISBN 978-1-137-41119-8
 
This book sets out the ethical arguments for a woman’s right to choose. Drawing on the traditions of sociological thinking and moral philosophy, it maintains that there is a strong moral case for recognizing autonomy in personal decision-making about reproductive intentions. More than this, it argues that to prevent a woman from making her own choice to continue or end her pregnancy is to undermine the essence of her humanity. The author, executive director of Bpas, a charity providing abortion services in the UK, asserts that true respect for human life and true regard for individual conscience demand that we respect a woman’s right to decide, and that support for a woman’s right to a termination has moral foundations and ethical integrity...
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ENGLAND

 

Changes in conceptions in women younger than 18 years and the circumstances of young mothers in England in 2000–12: an observational study
 
Kaye Wellings, Melissa J Palmer, Rebecca S Geary, et al.

In 1999, the UK Government launched a 10-year, nationwide Teenage Pregnancy Strategy in England with the dual aims of achieving a 50% reduction in conception rates in women younger than 18 years by 2010, and mitigating social exclusion in teenage parents by increasing their participation in education, employment, or training. A strong rationale for the strategy was the desire to halt the cycle of deprivation resulting from the increment of disadvantage conferred by early pregnancy additional to that experienced before conception.

The authors found that a sustained, multifaceted policy intervention involving health and education agencies, alongside other social and educational changes, has probably contributed to a substantial and accelerating decline in conceptions in women younger than 18 years in England since the late 1990s. The scale of the decline in conception rates in women younger than 18 years, and its association with intervention-related investment and with both demographic and behavioural factors, suggest a combined influence of both public health intervention and secular trends on the decline in conceptions in women younger than 18 years in England...
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Editor: Marge Berer

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