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Eptisa - Institutional, Economic and Social Development Newsletter
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Eptisa - Institutional, Economic and Social Development Newsletter

December 2016
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  1. Contribution to the VII GIGAPP Congress 2016
  2. Launching of a training cycle in the framework of the project SBC Haiti
  3. Eptisa will support the effective alignment of national legislation with the EU Acquis in Serbia
  4. Eptisa contributes to peace building in Colombia
  5. Participation to the III Quality Symposium in Honduras
  6. Organization of a study trip as part of the project SBC Haiti
  7. Participation to the webinar organized by the KPESIC platform
REDUCING HOUSING VULNERABILITIES IN DJIBOUTI

Publication of three earthquake resistant building guides in Djibouti

 
RESULTS BASED MANAGEMENT IN PUBLIC POLICIES: LEARNING THROUGH PROJECTS

A compared analysis of the implementation of Results Based Management projects’ in Central America. An innovative study in the service of public management aimed to improve the design and implementation of Governance projects.
 
 
PASCAL Programme has allowed developing a strategy aimed to reach a local management more efficient, sustainable and inclusive.




Experiencias de Desarrollo Newsletter
Eptisa - Institutional, Economic and Social Development                                                 
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REDUCING HOUSING VULNERABILITIES IN DJIBOUTI

Publication of three earthquake resistant building guides in Djibouti

 
In a precedent edition of our newsletter, we mentioned an intervention very well assessed implemented in Djibouti in 2014, focused on the improvement of the housing sector in the country.
We are glad to announce that it is now possible to consult online the three earthquake resistant building guides commissioned by the Ministry of Housing, Urbanism and Environment, and implemented by the World Bank with the support of Eptisa, in the framework of the National 
Strategy for Improvement of Urban Housing.  

The guides have been elaborated with the aim to contribute to the improvement of building sector in Djibouti and adapt the housing to the requirements of a country more and more urbanized and highly vulnerable due to natural disasters’ risks.
 
The high possibility of earthquake in the zones near to the capital and the eventuality of climate change related disasters (flood, drought) convert Djibouti City into a risk area for its population.
In addition, the precarious economic situation in which is living most of the population is also limiting its possibility to access a decent and safe housing.
 
With the aim to ensure the adequate use of the work implemented, three guides have been defined and developed, each one with its own focus and target audience, especially adapted to the context and realities of the different target groups.
With the aim to ensure the adequate use of the work implemented, three guides have been defined and developed, each of them with its own focus and target audience.
The first of them, a “Simplified guide for earthquake resistant building of individual housing in Djibouti” is a synthetic, visual and accessible tool addressed to families and building professionals, expressing technical recommendations shaped in draws. The goal of the document is to have a tangible impact in terms of security and sustainability of housing.
 
The second one, the “Guide for earthquake resistant building of individual housing” is a wider and more detailed document, clearly addressed to building professionals, architects, builders, building companies. The guide offers a detailed description of the context and displays a series of technical recommendations related to selection of materials, structures, foundations, metallic coverings, walls, etc.
 
The third titled “Towards an accessible housing: Recommendations for housing facing threats and vulnerabilities to earthquakes and flood” is addressed to public workers and local authorities, and advocates for measure allowing to improve the housing situation in the country. Recommendations are applied to building as well as urban and territorial planning, and are based on an analysis carried out by local professionals from the sector.
 
These three guides, created thanks to a successful public-private partnership, represent a clear tool to better adapt the Djiboutian urban fabric to the increasing threats derived from climate change.
 
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RESULTS BASED MANAGEMENT IN PUBLIC POLICIES: LEARNING THROUGH PROJECTS

A compared analysis of the implementation of Results Based Management projects’ in Central America. An innovative study in the service of public management aimed to improve the design and implementation of Governance projects.
 
 
Several approaches and tools have appeared from the area of public management, aimed to conduct and provide tools to the responsible of political action and administration to improve the action of state. Among these approaches, we notice those that more than advocating for a reduction of costs and relative weight of State in economy, seek to improve the processes and revitalize the role of states as producers of public value. In this context, we can highlight the 
Results Based Management (RBM).

These approaches understand that public value is created when are realized activities able to bring effective and useful answers to politically desirables needs or demands as consequences of a democratic legitimating process, with a collective property, in other words with a public nature and requiring the creation of social changes that modify aspects of the whole society and of the recipients of determined public policies. Based on this innovative reformulation of the role of state, the purpose of this management pattern is to introduce new tools and capacities in terms of decision making, performance management and its monitoring.
 
As in all processes, the most important is to know how to bring to reality the innovative developments and adapt them to the needs of different contexts. The experience displayed in this study has to be profiled in this sense, since it offers a comparative analyze of Results Based Management’s implementation process in three Programmes in Central America: the Technical Assistance for the Financial Management Support Project in Guatemala (AGEP); the Institutional Support Program for the Development Policies in Nicaragua (POFI); and the Institutional Strengthening Programme for the establishment of a Mid-term Expenditure Framework (MTEF).

The study highlights several innovative aspects; the first is the comparative study of processes in development cooperation projects, developing for this purpose a proper methodology. Secondly, to focus on a region where are implemented efforts of improvement in public management, requiring follow up and feedback, and finally to provide tools and lessons emerging from the own experience of technical assistance that enrich the formulation of those projects as well as their implementation.

Even if this work is based on Eptisa’s own experience, especially through the work of the Institutional, Economic and Social Development Division, its purpose is to create a relevant debate on available tools for capacity building and institutional strengthening processes, leading to the building of communities practices that enrich the development cooperation and the positive transformation of states.
An innovative methodology has been created to elaborate the study, answering to several dimensions of the projects.
Well now, an innovative methodology has been created to develop the study, attending several dimensions of the projects, among them: the analyze of the intervention’s strategy; the identification of the RBM tools in Programmes; the identification of results’ chains; the identification of the levels of change and lastly the evaluation of ownership, effectiveness, etc, of the tools according to the available evidence.
 
The study shows that, in spite of the various difficulties and lack of fulfillment of all the expected results, the projects have been successful since they managed to introduce the RBM as the model of excellence in terms of public sector’s management.
This result has been reached thanks to a projects’ formulation starting from the proper identification of the needs and goals of the countries involved. Thanks to the support of donor countries (European Union, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation and other Multilateral Agents), a virtuous confluence of resources and goals has been reached.

However, it is also necessary to highlight the numerous difficulties found in the path towards projects’ implementation, among them the mistakes in the formulation of projects or the need to adopt a more pragmatic and realistic position, even if it supposes to accept weaknesses or greater terms to achieve development goals.

To consult the complete study (in Spanish), click here.
 
 
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PASCAL Programme has allowed developing a strategy aimed to reach a local management more efficient, sustainable and inclusive.
Eptisa’s technical Assistance team is carrying out, from July 2014, the support to the project PASCAL (Support Programme to Local Authorities and Civil Society) in Dominican Republic, funded by the European Union.
 
The main objective of the present document is to give value to the experiences realized in the framework of the Support Programme to Local Authorities and Civil Society, with a special focus on the aspects related to the approaches and
tools used to reach a public local management more efficient that promotes sustainability and inclusion.

On this basis, the document is structured in three main parts to be considered.
 
In first place, the presentation of the Monitoring System of Local Public Administration (SISMAP Municipal), which is actually the tool from which has been started the process of reform and modernization of local management in Dominican Republic.

Concretely, Municipal SISMAP is a system of monitoring and follow up oriented to measure the degree of development of local management, in terms of efficiency, effectiveness, quality and participation in correspondence with normative and procedural frameworks with an impact on strengthening of local management, through a series of basic indicators and sub-indicators derived from them. It also represents an effective tool to strengthen the levels of transparency within municipalities, making available to the citizenship, through evidences provided by governing bodies, key documents from management relative to the use of public resources, management of human resources, and accountability on management in the focused sectors.
 
SISMAP Municipal is the tool from which has been started the process of reform and modernization of local management in Dominican Republic.
In second place, a synthetic review of the comprehensive strategy of reform and modernization of local public administration in Dominican Republic is presented, trying to establish some analytic concepts that can be useful for other similar experiences.
 
Finally, and on the basis on the above, the document provides an explanation, according to the lessons learned during the process of support to the Programme, the different role of Technical Assistances with their advantages and inconvenients, to overcome their traditional role and become a strategic and proactive ally of the main actors, boosting the processes of reform and modernization of Public Administration.
 
To read the complete document (in Spanish) click here.

 
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