What's Inside:
April 2016 E-Newsletter

Healing Justice Alliance National Conference
Call for Presentation Proposals - Due April 25, 2016

Under the Healing Justice Alliance banner, NNHVIPBerkeley Media Studies Group, Cure Violence, and Youth ALIVE! are partnering to host the 2016 national conference. As always, the conference will draw on a diverse audience committed to breaking the cycle of violence and promoting healing in communities where violent injuries occur.

The conference will take place August 22-24, 2016 in Baltimore, MD.

We invite you to submit a presentation proposal for the conference by April 25, 2016. Presentations are encouraged that honor, promote, and build upon the expertise of conference attendees.
News Monitoring: Identifying Opportunities to Change the Discourse on Community Violence
If all you knew about community violence came from the news, what would you know? What wouldn’t you know? This question underscored an important lesson from Berkeley Media Studies Group’s March 9th webinar on News Monitoring.
BMSG encourages advocates to monitor the news because of its far-reaching influence on the public’s perceptions of public health issues. If we want to build support for the policy changes we seek, we need to make sure our issues are not only in the news, but framed in a way that promotes policy change. Yet all too often, news coverage produces a narrative about community violence that does not support advocates’ goals.
Part of the problem lies in a long-standing cultural bias known as the default frame of personal responsibility. This frame falsely attributes social and health problems to individual flaws. Because most news stories tend to frame violence as a matter of personal responsibility, the social causes of community violence and policy solutions are often hidden from view. Making matters worse, the news disproportionately represents people of color as perpetrators of violent crime, thereby reinforcing racist stereotypes and furthering the status quo. 
However, given the right communication tools, advocates can proactively change the narrative from solely personal responsibility to bringing into view structures and systems that also undermine our efforts to stay healthy and safe. Identifying positive news stories and sharing them widely, forming relationships with journalists and writing strategically-worded letters to the editor are just a few of the strategies that can be used to take control of the narrative. When advocates use existing news coverage to introduce their issue or reframe the narrative, we call this “piggy-backing” on existing news. Finally, by carefully studying and understanding the elements of newsworthiness, advocates can create news of their own and pitch their stories to reporters.
The starting point is an in-depth understanding of the way community violence is currently discussed in the news. To this end, BMSG’s webinar introduced participants to three news monitoring tools that can simplify the process: Feedly, Google alerts, and Hoot Suite. Feedly is a news aggregator application that combines news from different sources and stores them in one place. Google Alerts allows users to identify topic areas they wish to track and receive daily emails, with links to relevant stories. Hootsuite allows users to sort and organize Twitter and Facebook feeds by issue area, eliminating endless scrolling.
As a member of the Healing Justice Alliance, BMSG is committed to supporting HJA partners in using the power of the media to reach their social change objectives. Be sure to download our recent News Monitoring webinar.  For an example of news monitoring, you can sign up for In the News, BMSG’s daily news monitoring service. Finally, BMSG is available to provide technical assistance to support partners’ news monitoring efforts as well as other communications challenges.

The Burns Institute will provide an analysis of the inequities of violence and explain how to eliminate racial and ethnic disparity by building a community-centered response to youthful misbehavior that is equitable and restorative.  Their approach is unique and based on the belief innovation comes from the bottom and influences those at the top. That’s why they work with decision makers at the local level to affect change that transforms juvenile justice systems near and far. Join the Burns Institute to learn more about the inequities of violence and how to successfully address these and provide high-risk youth with a safer, healthier future.

Missed our March webinar, "Learn How to Change the Discourse"?  We recorded it, so feel free to download it if you missed it!
Using Research to Help Stop Youth Violence
Huffington Post (4/7, Catherine Y. Spong)

When you treat violence as a health problem, kids and communities heal, experts say 
Cleveland Plain Dealer

5 Minute Video Primer about Adverse Childhood Experiences Aces Too High

Healing Communities-In-Crisis:  Lifesaving Solutions to the Urban Gun Violence Epidemic Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence and the PICO National Network

Baltimore Sees Hospitals as Key to Breaking Cycle of Violence, NPR All Things
Considered, (4/8, Andrea Hsu)

Working Together to Prevent Cycles of Harm, 
US Department of Justice Blog,  Daryl Atkinson (Bureau of Justice Assistance) & Heather Warnken (Office for Victims of Crime), Visiting Fellows

American Psychological Foundation
Lizette Peterson Homer Memorial Injury Research Grant
Amount: $5,000
Deadline: October 1, 2016
This grant supports research into psychological and behavioral aspects of the prevention of injuries in children and adolescents.
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
Global Ideas for U.S. Solutions
Amount: $50,000 to $250,000 over eighteen months
Deadline: May 31, 2016
Grants will be awarded to projects or programs that build healthy places; build social connection across the lifespan; get and keep children healthy; and/or increase the healthcare system’s focus on the root causes of poor health.
Ruddie Memorial Youth Foundation
Innovation Grant
Amount: $5,000 to $25,000
Deadline: April 29, 2016
For small nonprofit organizations (annual revenues of less than $1 million) in the greater Boston, Los Angeles, Milwaukee, San Francisco, and Washington, D.C., areas working to help underprivileged youth (0-25 years old) reach their full potential.
by Ruth Ann Ryan, APRN, BC, Psychoeducation Training Specialist, Healing Hurt People Program, Philadelphia.
In the December 2015 Trauma-Informed Corner, a framework of trauma recovery known as the S.E.L.F. Model was introduced. It is the framework that underpins the hospital-based violence intervention programs at five of the hospitals in the city of Philadelphia. S.E.L.F is an acronym that includes the domains thought to be crucial to address in order to help those who have been violently injured emotionally recover. The domains are Safety, Emotion Management, Loss and Letting Go and Future. Although each of the domains present unique challenges to those trying to recover, perhaps the area of Loss and Letting Go is the most challenging and yet, the most crucial to the process of growth and change that is central to recovery from traumatic events. Those who have been violently injured are faced with varying losses. Some may need to manage the loss of a formerly healthy level of physical functioning as paralysis, chronic pain, and debilitation may result from their injuries. Others are faced with the prospect of letting go of people (family and friends), places (neighborhoods and schools) and things(familiar behaviors, addictions) that surrounded them in order to avoid further injury or retaliation and  develop a different life trajectory. While helpers often promote and applaud the efforts at change made by those in recovery from traumatic experiences, it is vital to understand that all change, even “positive” change, involves experiencing some kind of Loss and Letting Go. This means assisting those in recovery to grieve those losses as they take on the challenge of building a safer, healthier Future.
Look for more on S.E.L.F. at
Communications Corner
Join BMSG and HJA partners for our 1st monthly Communications Working Group meeting on Thursday, May 5th at 11:00 AM. Conference Line Dial In #: (866) 410 9424, Meeting ID Code: 510 204 9700#
Alghnam S, Tinkoff GH, Castillo R. Longitudinal assessment of injury recidivism among adults in the United States: findings from a population-based sample. Injury Epidemiology. In press; ePub February 2, 2016.
In this study, authors aimed to 1) identify the prevalence and risk factors for injury recidivism among non-institutionalized adults; 2) investigate the trend in nationwide recidivism rates over time. Researchers found that compared with those who sustained a single injury, recidivists were more likely to be white, unmarried, reside in metropolitan areas, and report a higher prevalence of chronic conditions. Age, sex, race/ethnicity, marital status, urbanicity, region, diabetes, stroke, asthma and depression symptoms were significant predictors of recidivism. Significant interaction effects between age and gender suggested those in the 18–25 age group, the odds of being a recidivist were 1.45 higher among males than females adjusting for other covariates. Preventative efforts may benefit from focusing on males between 18 and 25 years of age and those with comorbidities such as diabetes, stroke and depression.
Culyba AJ, Ginsburg KR, Fein JA, Branas CC, Richmond TS, Wiebe DJ. Protective effects of adolescent-adult connection on male youth in urban environments. Journal of Adolescent Health. 2016; 58(2):237-240.
Positive adult connection has been linked with protective effects among U.S. adolescents. Less is known about the impact of adult connection across multiple health domains for youth in low-resource urban environments. The authors examined the associations between adult connection and school performance, substance use, and violence exposure among youth in low-resource neighborhoods of Philadelphia.  Male youth with a positive adult connection had significantly higher odds of good school performance, and lower odds of alcohol use, violence involvement, and witnessing violence.  Promoting adult connection may help to safeguard youth in urban contexts. Youth-serving professionals should consider assessing adult connection as part of a strengths-based approach to health promotion for youth in low-resource neighborhoods.
Edwards KM, Jones LM, Mitchell KJ, Hagler MA, Roberst LT. Building on Youth’s Strengths: A Call to Include Adolescents in Developing, Implementing, and Evaluating Violence Prevention Programs. Psychology of Violence. 2016;6(1):15-21.
This study examines adolescent violence prevention programs by surveying 14 adolescent peer leaders about their experiences developing and delivering violence prevention in their schools and communities. With this input, the authors discuss potential benefits and challenges of involving adolescents in designing and delivering violence prevention content, but suggest that empirical data on youth-led violence prevention initiatives is sorely needed.
Masho SW, Schoeny ME, Webster D, Sigel E. Outcomes, data, and indicators of violence at the community level. Journal of Primary Prevention. In press; ePub March 11, 2016.
In public health, surveillance entails a systematic collection and analysis of data, typically within defined populations. In the case of youth violence, surveillance data may include archival records from medical examiners, death certificates, hospital discharges, emergency room visits, ambulance pickups, juvenile justice system intakes, police incident reports, and school disciplinary incidents and actions. This article illustrates the process the CDC-supported Youth Violence Prevention Centers used for collecting and utilizing youth violence surveillance data. The authors describe available surveillance data sources, describe community-level outcomes, illustrate effective utilization of the data, and discuss the benefits and limitations of each data source.

Hoffman KM, Trawalter S, Axt JR, Oliver MN. Racial bias in pain assessment and treatment recommendations, and false beliefs about biological differences between blacks and whites. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. In Press; ePub April 4, 2016, doi:10.1073/pnas.1516047113.
Black Americans are systematically undertreated for pain relative to white Americans. The authors examine whether this racial bias is related to false beliefs about biological differences between blacks and whites (e.g., “black people’s skin is thicker than white people’s skin”).  Both white laypersons and white medical students and residents endorsed false beliefs about biological differences and reported lower pain ratings for a black (vs. white) target. Among the medical trainees, those who endorsed these beliefs rated the black (vs. white) patient’s pain as lower and made less accurate treatment recommendations. Participants who did not endorse these beliefs rated the black (vs. white) patient’s pain as higher, but showed no bias in treatment recommendations. These findings suggest that individuals with at least some medical training hold and may use false beliefs about biological differences between blacks and whites to inform medical judgments, which may contribute to racial disparities in pain assessment and treatment.

Copyright © 2016. Healing Justice Alliance, All rights reserved.  This newsletter is funded in part through a grant from the Office for Victims of Crime, Project # 2015-VF-GX-K025, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Neither the U.S. Department of Justice nor any of its components operate, control, are responsible for, or necessarily endorse, this Web site (including, without limitation, its content, technical infrastructure, and policies, and any services or tools provided).

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