These items are circulated as being of interest to beekeepers. The sender has no vested interest in them, pro or con, and does not engage in censorship of what information beekeepers should or should not have access to.
Based on the concept that it is not education unless you look at both sides of an issue, I work hard to keep a balance of opinions. Everyone will find articles here they disagree with from time to time (so do I, but it doesn't matter). Just remember they may be the ones you can learn the most from -- and then make decisions with a better base of understanding.
Inclusion of items here does not in any way imply endorsement by myself or the organizations I represent. They are included as information only, and I leave it to the reader to determine value.
Fran Bach, Western Apicultural Society Journal and Washington State Beekeepers newsletter editor
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Items of interest to beekeepers October 14 2016
IN THIS ISSUE
POSTDOCTORAL RESEARCHER POSITIONS AVAILABLE
REQUEST FOR ABF-INFESTED HIVE SAMPLES
IS THERE A PLACE FOR THE NEXT GENERATION IN AGRICULTURE?
PREPPING THE FIELD FOR THE NEXT GEN
BIAS FOUND; PRESTIGIOUS SCIENTISTS PUBLISH PAPERS MORE EASILY
USDA LAUNCHES NEW RURAL INVESTMENT FUND
CATCH THE BUZZ
From Pollinator-L -
POSTDOCTORAL RESEARCHER POSITIONS AVAILABLE
1. A postdoctoral position is available in the López-Uribe lab at Penn State University to work on population genetics of managed and wild pollinators, and their pathogens. Qualified candidates are required to have a Ph.D. in evolutionary biology, entomology, or related field of study. This is a benefited, full-time postdoctoral researcher position. Initial appointment is for one year, reappointment beyond the first year (up to one additional year) is contingent upon job performance. Interested applicants should send (1) a brief statement (~1 page) describing previous research experience and their interests in working in the lab, (2) CV including contact information for at least three references willing to provide letters of recommendation, and (3) a representative paper or manuscript. Please send any questions regarding the position to email@example.com (Subject line: “Postdoc position”). Applications should be submitted here: https://psu.jobs/job/66970
Review of applications will begin November 1st 2016, and continue until the position is filled, but applications received by the deadline will be given priority consideration.
2. Dr. Zsofia Szendrei, is searching for an additional postdoc in her laboratory in the Department of Entomology at Michigan State University. Funding is available through a USDA-NIFA Specialty Crop Research Initiative grant that will examine how neonicotinoid pesticides in cucurbits can be used to manage pests while protecting the health of honeybees and other beneficial pollinating insects. Interested persons should email a current CV, a statement of research interests, copies of recent publications and contact information for three references to Dr. Zsofia Szendrei (firstname.lastname@example.org). Please combine all documents into a single PDF file and write “SCRI Postdoc” in the subject line of the email. For more information about the lab please visit http://vegetable.ent.msu.edu. Review of applications will begin on Nov. 1, 2016 and will continue until the position is filled.
3. Research Specialist in Life Sciences, Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Primary Function of Position: Beekeepers - participate in an established research program that uses genomics to study the molecular basis of honey bee social behavior. Position is a 12-month, 100% time academic professional appointment with regular university benefits. Requires a Bachelor's degree, preferably in biology or one of the life sciences. Create candidate profile at http://https"//jobs/illinois.edu with letter of interest, resume and contacts for two professional letters of reference by November 3, 2016. For further information, contact Kim Johnson, email@example.com.
The next three items are from Joy Pendell and the California State Beekeepers News Update -
REQUEST FOR ABF-INFESTED HIVE SAMPLES
I am a student at Brigham Young University in Provo, Utah. I am part of a research course in BYU's department of Molecular and Microbiology, and we are studying the bacterium responsible for American Foulbrood (Paenibacillus larvae). We seek to isolate and identify bacteriophages effective in eliminating P. larvae.
We would like to provide our research as a resource for beekeepers in the California State Beekeepers Association and invite them to send us samples from hives infected with AFB so we may continue to find these phages, which may later be used to effectively treat infected hives. We may cover the costs of shipping and handling for these samples and provide shipping labels when necessary.
Thank you for your efforts to help beekeepers in the United States. Please contact us if you have further questions on this topic.
Jacob M. Withers, Molecular Biology major
You may contact Jacob at firstname.lastname@example.org or 509-863-5148
IS THERE A PLACE FOR THE NEXT GENERATION IN AGRICULTURE?
Frank Gasperini, Executive Vice President of the National Council of Agricultural Employers (NCAE)
This discussion evolved from a recent back and forth e-mail conversation I had with an NCAE Member whose family is trying to decide if the next generation should plan to carry on the family business. The original question to me was, can the H-2A program last and if not, will there be any resolution to the overall labor issue because that is the number one limiting factor for our very specialized business. Following is my answer, or sermon.
Probably--- in some form or fashion. I wish I could be more definitive than, probably, but predictions can never be 100 percent. Although we continue to strive for a significantly better H-2A program, which we hope to get to at some point, even if something great were enacted in 2017, we still have to make the current program function until at least 2018 or 2019 because it will take at least one, probably two or more years to transition to a new working model.
More important than whether the current H-2A program will continue however is the broader discussion of long-term business model viability. I think the key to long-term survival has more to do with overall business excellence. That means doing EVERYTHING, including how you treat your customers, suppliers, employees, how you getting just a tad better fuel efficiency, how you get just a little more productivity from every single thing you do in the operation, how you schedule just a little better than your competitors. Long term business viability and profitability also means being able to figure out how to best use the programs available at any given point of time, and then how/when to transition to better alternatives, including figuring out how to mechanize more. However; mechanization to me includes both equipment and computerization/communication technologies so that your record-keeping and documentation are not only done faster and more efficiently, but also more accurately, and more quickly pulled up when needed for analysis or regulatory audit. Safety in every single part of the business operation is also part of that. Remember UPS, DuPont, Exxon, and many others became number one and remain profitable today because of safety, technology, adaptability while hundreds or thousands of their competitors have come and gone.
Bottom line, there is a great future for the next generations but the businesses they run successfully will not look exactly like the ones we do now. The next generations will survive and thrive by embracing a lot of things that we see as irrelevant, petty, or annoying cow-manure. When I see farms right now where the next generation is struggling, I usually see young managers who is still really angry about regulations, environmentalist meddling, angry that "city folks are idiots who have no clue," who may even still treat workers poorly. At the same time, I see folks who do not abandon the basics of good agricultural practices but who also understand that their business IS A BUSINESS; and not just a way-of-life or a lifestyle. These folks understand that businesses must operate with the permission of not only government regulators but with the overall permission of society and that no business is guaranteed survival, but if they are providing essential or wanted goods and services they will be among those who do survive and thrive long term. This is not only age-related by the way, there are older baby-boomers who understand that too, but the Millennial generation of business owners were raised in a socially conscious world and it comes more easily to some of them.
Sorry for the long sermon, but I have been thinking about these issues more during the past year. As part of my own succession planning I have been thinking back to business basics and why some organizations thrive and others disappear so that somewhere, not too far distant, I can hand NCAE off to one of those new generation folks to keep it viable for the next 50 years. I keep remembering a 1970s Harvard Business Review classic paper about how the Rail Roads in America failed because they perceived themselves to be in the rail road business rather than the transportation business. Had America’s rail roads perceived that their sole value was in transportation we would probably be flying airlines with names like "Reading RR air" or driving "Santa Fe" or “B&O” cars and trucks. Instead, the world passed them by and most of them lost their places to more innovative companies.
There may well be no future for producers doing exactly the same things you, the way you do it right now, but there certainly must be a bright future for those who figure out how to produce the food crops that the next generation wants to eat just a little more efficiently and socially acceptable then the operation next door.
I hope this helps. The labor situation will always be a bureaucratic quagmire that will shift like desert sands. Those who figure out how to adapt, maximize what they have, or can acquire, and survive the record-keeping and government processes will still be there in the future. And they will be profitable sustainable businesses. They may also look very different than your operation does now, for just one example, look at how much the apple industry has changed in the past 25-30 years and how well so many members of the next generation are doing producing a great product and continuing on family businesses.
PREPPING THE FIELD FOR THE NEXT GEN
By Frank A. Gasperini, Executive Vice President of the National Council of Agricultural Employers (NCAE)
You hear the crack of the bat. You have just hit a short bouncer right to the third baseman. She fields it easily, turns, sets her stance, and prepares to throw to the man on first. Do you stop running to watch her throw you out? Or, do you give it all you have and bear down on first base just in case she hesitates, miss-throws, just in case the first basemen is pulled off the bag, or better yet misses the ball and it rolls into the dugout past him.
By the time you read this, the 2016 World Series will be history and all the players will have a few weeks off before they begin to prepare for next season. For some players, and their teams, winter will be a time of passing the baton on to the next generation of players. Something that I, and many of us boomers are thinking about more and more these days. It is easy to worry about “how the youngsters will do when we are not there.” Believe it or not, the answer to that question is, they will do just fine!
Last month we talked about how the “game” of being an agricultural employer is rapidly changing. We talked about whether there is a future for the next generation, or next-gen as some refer to them. Again the correct answer is, yes there is a bright future, it will just be different than our realities.
We have an election coming up. Hopefully that is not a surprise to anyone! 2017 may bring us potential for new or different legislative proposals. Perhaps we will have an opportunity to fix, or at least improve some of the laws that govern agricultural labor issues; particularly immigration. Regardless of who is elected there will be either readjustments or wholesale changes in the leadership of regulatory and enforcement agencies so we expect to be able to work to improve the regulatory climate at least.
But even separate from the regulations that govern workforce availability, there are regulatory actions, dating back as long ago as 1938, that the next generation of agricultural employers will deal with. Depending on the outcome of the November elections, at both state and federal levels, we may well be up to our neck in them between 2017 and 2020, but regardless of this year’s elections; the issues of agricultural exemptions and exceptions relative to many issues WILL be re-opened and redetermined. Immigration will be resolved--- or not--- regardless we will be dealing with a smaller labor pool and competing with other industries and other countries. Either through regulation, or necessity to attract/retain workers; agriculture will be forced to be competitive employers and this will include all the perks, protections, advantages, and opportunities offered by competing employers. This NPR article is indicative of what we will continue to see more and more of, like it or not, this is what the public will see more and more of. The next generation will live with the outcome. We, the agricultural employer community, must learn to talk about these issues including discussing potentially less preferred fallback options and strategies without accusing one another of ‘selling out,’ or engaging in yet another ‘agricultural circular firing squad!’ We must look forward and not re-fight the battles and causes of the past. We need to talk and work through real strategies, and sometimes accommodations, to allow our businesses to thrive in the world around us as it is, and as it becomes. You can read the linked recent article to see what our next-gen will face more and more in the future.
Back to the opening baseball analogy to close. The teams that play together, fight to win instead of fighting with one another, and never quit on any play no matter how hopeless it seems are the teams who win in the end. Whether your preferred candidate or candidates win in November, team agriculture needs you to leg-out every hit, field every foul ball, and keep slugging every time you go to the plate on immigration, labor issues, regulations, and other issues that will keep us; and our next-gen in the game for the long-haul.
More at http://www.NCAEonline.org.
And in the category of non-beekeeping good reads for the sake of thoughtful consideration -
BIAS FOUND; PRESTIGIOUS SCIENTISTS PUBLISH PAPERS MORE EASILY
By Dr. Julianna LeMieux, Senior Fellow in Molecular Biology at the American Council on Science and Health
The currency of success for scientists is the number of papers published. Also taken into account is the quality of the journal that the paper is published in.
After the experiments are done, the data analyzed, and conclusions made, a manuscript is written and submitted through the peer-review process. Scientific integrity depends on that process being rigorous, fair, and unbiased.
But, a new study finds that who wrote the paper influences how stringently the data are judged.
From Beth Roden's weekly newsletter from Bayer -
USDA LAUNCHES NEW RURAL INVESTMENT FUND
USDA has announced the launch of a new private investment fund with the potential to inject $100 million into growth-oriented, small businesses across rural America.
The McLarty Capital Partners (MCP) Rural Business Investment Company (RBIC) will be the fifth RBIC that USDA has helped to initiate since 2014. The initiative is part of USDA's ongoing efforts to attract private sector capital to investment opportunities in rural America to help drive more economic growth in rural communities.
CATCH THE BUZZ
1. How a prebiotic honey provides health and wellness benefits to consumers. And it’s the only one that does!
EMPLOYEES at Australia’s largest honey company have been working like busy little bees for the launch of the world’s first clinically-tested prebiotic honey.
Capilano Honey has unveiled its sweet new product, Beetoic, which has been formulated to raise the levels of good bacteria and suppress potentially harmful bacteria in a person’s digestive system.
Capilano worked closely with researchers from the University of New South Wales over a number of years to confirm how a prebiotic honey could provide health and wellness benefits to consumers.
2. The key ingredient of 4-H is the combination of hands-on learning activities with the oversight of caring adult mentor volunteers -
When Jacob Shuman was little, he sometimes tore his homework into pieces in meltdowns of frustration.
Adopted as an infant from Guatemala, it took years for his fetal alcohol syndrome to be diagnosed, which explained his unusual learning disabilities: He could add, but not subtract. Multiply, but not divide. He’d understand a concept one day and forget it the next. It didn’t help that he was shy and had trouble speaking in front of others.
Fast forward a few years: Now a senior in high school, Shuman has developed his own outreach program, focused on the importance of honey bees and the plants they pollinate, that he has presented to more than 500 children and adults.
3. White House Kitchen Garden will continue with funding provided by Burpee Seed Co. to National Park Foundation -
The White House Kitchen Garden will be maintained and preserved into the future, thanks to a $2.5 million donation from the Burpee Foundation and the W. Atlee Burpee Company to the National Park Foundation, the official charity of America’s national parks. The donation, part of the National Park Foundation’s $350 million Centennial Campaign for America’s National Parks, was announced in early October during an event with First Lady Michelle Obama at President’s Park (White House).
4. Cross Pollinated Radishes are good to eat, and honey bees love the flowers -
Sometimes just letting plants grow can lead to unpredictable and very wonderful results.
I’m referring to my experience with cross-pollinated radish that began about eight years ago. I, along with the honey bees, have been enjoying the results ever since.
It all started when I left several varieties of radish grow to bloom stage and cross-pollinate — perhaps even courtesy of some bees in that first season. The radish included red and white varieties typically grown in the early season and the late season Spanish winter radish (the black-skinned bulbs that can grow up to grapefruit size or larger).
5. Healthy Snack Market Growing During ‘War on Sugar’ -
According to new research by Euromonitor International, the healthy snack market rose by 7 percent in 2014 to 2015 compared to “conventional” snacks, which increased by 5 percent. The healthy snack market was driven by Western European and North American markets, which increased a combined $10.8 billion from 2011 to 2016. This emerging growth trend could transform the food industry, according to an analyst at the research company.
6. Healthful honey Takes On New Role as sugar consumption is linked to obesity, diabetes and heart disease -
CHICAGO — An intense focus on added sugars consumption and links to obesity, diabetes and heart disease is motivating consumers to not only reduce total sweetener consumption, but to switch to sweeteners perceived as more healthful, such as honey, according to market research firm Packaged Facts, Rockville, Md. The current high level of consumer interest in honey makes it a great time to offer innovative products that piggyback on the latest and emerging trends for this sweetener, said David Sprinkle, the firm’s research director.
7. A One of a kind Event for Beekeepers who what to get ahead in their business. Nothing like it, anywhere, ever -
A Case For Local Honey
Held in Medina OH, Bee Culture Conference Center, 640 W Liberty St, 44256
Oct 21 - 23
8. Honey tasting taught by the expert. Don’t miss this opportunity -
The American Honey Tasting Society (AHTS) is launching three more Honey 101: Introduction to Honey Tasting training course using the Italian methods for sensory analysis on October 22-23, 25-26 and 29-30, 2016 in Connecticut and Boston. Beekeeper and author C. Marina Marchese will be leading the course with colleague Raffaele Dall’ Olio, both members trained by the Italian National Registry of Experts in the Sensory Analysis of Honey. Theses courses are intensive, full immersion training into the sensory analysis of honey based upon the established methods taught at the Italian National Beekeeping Institute (CRA-API) in Bologna, Italy for more than 20 years.
9. Almond industry slams land use study for inaccuracies -
A new study by an Eastern Kentucky University researcher, used questionable spatial imagery to analyze almond plantings between 2007 and 2014 and has identified distinctly inaccurate trends about almond acreage, according to the Almond Board of California (ABC).
A poster associated with the project articulates that almonds are grown in the Salinas Valley, which is known for lettuce and other cool-climate vegetable production.
Such an assumption “is proven incorrect by the visual observation of anyone in, or anyone who has traveled to, this region,” states a news release from the ABC.
Events & Links (• New)
Oct 14 -16: BCHPA AGM on Friday, the 14th plus education days Saturday and Sunday Oct 15 and 16, at the Pacific Gateway Hotel in Richmond, close to Vancouver airport. Details to come at (new website) http:// www.bcbeekeepers.com
Oct 20: World of Honey: California. Info http://honey.ucdavis.edu/events
Oct 21 - 23: A case for Honey Conference, presented by Bee Culture Magazine, Bee Culture Conference Center, 640 W. Liberty St., Medina OH. Info & registration ($150) http://store.beeculture.com/a-case-for-honey-october-22nd-23rd-2016
Oct 22: Michael Palmer and The Sustainable Apiary - building a sustainable apiary, over wintering nucs, queen rearing and bee/queen genetics, 10 - 2, Central Kitsap High School, Silverdale WA. Fee $35. Info and tickets http://westsoundbees.org/
Oct 28 - 29: Colorado Professional Beekeeping Association Annual Fall Meeting, Plaza Hotel & Convention Center, 1900 Ken Pratt Boulevard, Longmont, Colorado, 80501, (303) 682-2114 or http://www.PlazaConventionCenter.com
for reservations. (Mention that you are a participant in the CPBA meeting to receive room discount.) Friday evening Round Table with Randy Oliver and Lyle Johnston. Saturday speaker program and casual dinner get-together. Check the CPBA Website at: http://coloradoprobeekeeping.org
to purchase tickets. Cost $50.00 per person – including lunch (Friday evening free). Info CPBA Secretary Jacy at email@example.com
or Webmaster Matt at firstname.lastname@example.org
Oct 29: Grand Opening of Minnesota's Bee and Pollinator Research Lab, 2 - 6 pm, 1634 Gortner Ave, Saint Paul Campus. Info http://www.beelab.umn.edu
Nov 5: Colorado State Beekeepers Association Winter Bee Meeting, Kirk Hall, Douglas County Fairgrounds, Castle Rock, from 9am to 5pm. Keynote speaker will be Dr. Keith Delaplane, University of Georgia,
Hands-on workshops - Lotions, Potions, and Creams;, Making Creamed Honey; and Cleaning Wax. Kristina Williams will discuss the Flow Hive. Also not to be missed is the Big Money Honey contest, with the grand prize of $300! The Meet and Greet Friday night with mead tasting kicks off the event. Tickets, lunch, and Meet and Greet info available at http://coloradobeekeepers.org/winter-meeting.html
Nov 11-12: Farm to Market conference, Cheyenne, Wyoming. Taking specialty crop growers to the next level of production, food safety, processing and marketing. Workshops on Food Acidification, Seed Saving, GAP, Market Manager and general programs. Registration is $75 on http://www.eventbrite.com
. For more information contact Catherine at 307-633-4383.
Nov 12: 5th Annual Beekeepers' Ball, 7 pm, Bigham Knoll Ballroom, Jacksonville, Oregon. Dance the night away to The Brothers Reed, and The Flat Five Flim Flam. Local food and beverages available for purchase. 100% of food, drink, and silent auction proceeds go to the Bee Girl organization to support our mission. Tickets at https://www.eventbrite.com/e/the-beekeepers-ball-tickets-28075878709#tickets
. The Beekeepers Ball is a fundraiser for the Bee Girl organization, a nonprofit with a world-wide presence on a mission to inspire and empower communities to conserve bees and their habitat. Info http://www.beegirl.org
Nov 15 - 17: California State Beekeepers Association Annual Convention, Kona Kai Resort & Spa, San Diego. Info http://www.californiastatebeekeepers.com/events.html.
Book your room at https://gc.synxis.com/rez.aspx?Hotel=58621&Chain=11910&arrive=11/15/2016&depart=11/18/2016&adult=1&child=0&group=1114CSB
Nov 22 - 25: 6th Apimedica & 5th Api Quality International Symposium, Rome, Italy. Information in English is limited yet, but keep an eye on http://www.izslt.it/apicoltura/6th-apimedica-5th-apiquality-international-symposium/
Dec 14: Bee Audacious Conference Report Back & Panel Discussion, 7:00pm – 9:00pm, Angelico Hall, 20 Olive Ave., Dominican University, San Rafael CA. Following the invitational conference, the leaders (Tom Seeley, Marla Spivak, Mark Winston, Jim Frazier, Bill Klett, Stephen Martin, Heather Mattila, Chas Mraz, Francis Ratnieks, and Neal Williams) will present the findings at a panel discussion moderated by Peter Coyote and hosted by Dominican University. Tickets are available for $20 per person through Eventbrite. More info at http://www.beeaudacious.com
Jan 10 - 14, 2017: Joint Convention of the American Beekeeping Federation and American Honey Producers Association, Galveston, Texas. Info http://nabeekeepingconference.com
Jan 12: Mead Making Bootcamp. Info http://honey.ucdavis.edu/events
Jan 13 - 14: Beginner's Introduction to Mead Making. Info http://honey.ucdavis.edu/events
Jan 25: World of Honey - Honey Tasting Series (North America). Info http://honey.ucdavis.edu/events
Jan 27 - 28: Alaska Treatment-Free Beekeeping Symposium 2017 III, "Bee Prospering", Glenn Massay Theater, Matanuska Susitna College, 8295 College Dr., Palmer AK. Page is still under construction, but keep an eye on http://matsu.alaska.edu
Mar 18-19: Wyoming Bee College conference, Cheyenne, Wyoming. Beginning beekeeping 101, beekeeping 102, journeyman level beekeeping, habitat conservation, butterflies and much more. Registration is $75 on http://www.eventbrite.com
. For more information http://www.wyomingbeecollege.org
or Catherine at 307-633-4383.
Apr 18: World of Honey Tasting Series (International). Info http://honey.ucdavis.edu/events
Apr 22-23: Wild West Gardening conference. Cheyenne, Wyoming. Taking gardeners and specialty crop growers to a new level of success. Featuring; Neil Diboll, Kathy Kimbrough, Jeff Lowenfels plus many more. Workshops and programs. Registration is $85 on http://www.eventbrite.com
. For more information call Catherine at 307-633-4383.
May 5 - 6: California Honey Festival (Woodland, CA). Info http://honey.ucdavis.edu/events
May 7: 2017 Bee Symposium. Info http://honey.ucdavis.edu/events
These links will take you to important websites. Reprinting the items gets too voluminous, so I encourage you to visit the originals for some good reading any time.
Beargrass Press - books, guides and cards - http://www.beargrasspress.com
Bee Certain Hive Monitoring System -
Video - https://youtu.be/9XCGk_AvPNY
Technical papers - http://bee-certain.com/pages/technical-papers
Dr. Malcolm Sanford's Apis Information Resource News website and newsletter http://beekeep.info/apis-newsletter
Washington State University info on bees and New Bee Lab building fund - http://bees.wsu.edu/
Bee Diverse - about bees and pollination, particularly mason bees - how to mange them using homes and mason bee tools
Winnie the Pooh Guide to helping British bees: http://www.friendsofthehoneybee.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/06 E2463_BeeBooklet_Web.pdf
From Julie, an after-school child care worker: Looking for a good information site to teach children and beginning beekeepers? Try
UC-Davis on-line Newsletter: http://elninobeelab.ucdavis.edu/apiculture_newsletter.html
Apis Information Resource News - PLEASE NOTE THE CHANGE from Apis Newsletter by Dr. Malcolm Sanford. The newsletter is still found at http://us9.campaign-archive2.com/home/?u=9296a3543dc631c8a50086511&id=ec6bf7d517
It can also be accessed through http://apis.shorturl.com
California State Department of Food and Agriculture blog - http://plantingseedsblog.cdfa.ca.gov
Genetic literacy - http://www.geneticliteracyproject.org
Randy Oliver website - http://scientificbeekeeping.com
Honey Bee Health Coalition - http://www.honeybeehealthcoalition.org
Pollinator Stewardship Council - http://pollinatorstewardship.org/?page_id=349
, with the most recent one posting at the top of the page
Project Apis m. - http://www.ProjectApism.org
Washington State University on bee health - http://www.extension.org/bee_health
WSU 'Green Times' newsletter - http://cahnrs.wsu.edu/blog/category/green-times
Colorado State University Pollinator Protection office - http://www.cepep.colostate.edu/Pollinator%20Protection/index.html
Infographics on beekeeping stats, facts, management and honey labels - http://www.foodpackaginglabels.net/honey-labels